Enrichment of CNG in Gasoline Blends- A Technical Review #ijsrd

IJSRD Leading E-Journal of India Found Good Research Article.

Paper Title : Enrichment of CNG in Gasoline Blends- A Technical Review

Author Name : Ritesh Kumar Ranjan, Vikas Rai, Prof. Vipul R Bhatt, Prof. R J Jani

College Name: L. D. College of Engineering

Area of Research: Mechanical Engineering

Abstract — Pollution from the petroleum oil increases day by day in terms of CO2, CO, NOX, PM and many other gases and particles. Price difference and economy leads people toward the use of alternative fuels. To overcome this problem Tri-fuel is the best suitable fuel for the IC engine because of its clean emission characteristics. The present study focused on non-petroleum renewable and nonpolluting fuels to be used for I.C engines. The tri-fuel is assortment of petrol, butanol blend and CNG gas. It is found that power produced by the Tri-fuelled engine is more and lower NOx emissions compare to Gasoline engine because of the high volumetric efficiency, high compression ratio. Key words: CNG Gas, I.C Engines, Gasoline Blend

Key words: CNG Gas, I.C Engines, Gasoline Blend

For More Details about this paper visit http://www.ijsrd.com/Article.php?manuscript=IJSRDV3I2103

#IJSRD IMAGE PROCESSING CALL FOR PAPER : Special Issue

Best 25 papers will be published online.Participate in this special issue and get a chance to win the Best Paper Award for Image Processing. Also other authors will have special prizes to be won.

Submit Special Issue Manuscript Online

Last Date For Paper Submission of Special Issue : 25th August 2015

ijsrd.com

image processing ijsrd call for paper

What is Image Processing?

Image processing is a method to convert an image into digital form and perform some operations on it, in order to get an enhanced image or to extract some useful information from it. It is a type of signal dispensation in which input is image, like video frame or photograph and output may be image or characteristics associated with that image. Usually Image Processing system includes treating images as two dimensional signals while applying already set signal processing methods to them.

It is among rapidly growing technologies today, with its applications in various aspects of a business. Image Processing forms core research area within engineering and computer science disciplines too.Image processing usually refers to digital image processing, but optical and analog image processing also are possible.

Analog or visual techniques of image processing can be used for the hard copies like printouts and photographs. Image analysts use various fundamentals of interpretation while using these visual techniques. The image processing is not just confined to area that has to be studied but on knowledge of analyst. Association is another important tool in image processing through visual techniques. So analysts apply a combination of personal knowledge and collateral data to image processing.
Digital Processing techniques help in manipulation of the digital images by using computers. As raw data from imaging sensors from satellite platform contains deficiencies. To get over such flaws and to get originality of information, it has to undergo various phases of processing. The three general phases that all types of data have to undergo while using digital technique are Pre- processing, enhancement and display, information extraction.
If you have worked on any part of image processing prepare a research paper and submit to us

Image processing basically includes the following three steps.

Importing the image with optical scanner or by digital photography.The acquisition of images (producing the input image in the first place) is referred to as imaging.
Analyzing and manipulating the image which includes data compression and image enhancement and spotting patterns that are not to human eyes like satellite photographs.
Output is the last stage in which result can be altered image or report that is based on image analysis.

Purpose of Image processing

The purpose of image processing is divided into various groups. They are:

Visualization – Observe the objects that are not visible.
Image sharpening and restoration – To create a better image.
Image retrieval – Seek for the image of interest.
Measurement of pattern – Measures various objects in an image.
Image Recognition – Distinguish the objects in an image.

Applications of Image processing

Image processing has been an important stream of Research for various fields. Some of the application areas of Image processing are….

Intelligent Transportation Systems – E.g. Automatic Number Plate Recognition, Traffic Sign Recognition

Remote Sensing –E.g.Imaging of earth surfaces using multi Spectral Scanners/Cameras, Techniques to interpret captured images etc.

Object Tracking – E.g. Automated Guided Vehicles, Motion based Tracking, Object Recognition
Defense surveillance – E.g. Analysis of Spatial Images, Object Distribution Pattern Analysis of Various wings of defense. Earth Imaging using UAV etc.

Biomedical Imaging & Analysis – E.g. Various Imaging using X- ray, Ultrasound, computer aided tomography (CT) etc. Disease Prediction using acquired images, Digital mammograms.etc.

Automatic Visual Inspection System – E.g.Automatic inspection of incandescent lamp filaments, Automatic surface inspection systems, Faulty component identification etc.

And many other applications…..

To contribute your research work in Image processing please prepare an article on it and submit to us.

#ijsrd ‘4D Printing’ Makes Shape-Shifting Structures

4d-printing-141218

Using a new technique known as 4D printing, researchers can print out dynamic 3D structures capable of changing their shapes over time.

Such 4D-printed items could one day be used in everything from medical implants to home appliances, scientists added.

Today’s 3D printing creates items from a wide variety of materials — plastic, ceramic, glass, metal, and even more unusual ingredients such as chocolate and living cells. The machines work by setting down layers of material just like ordinary printers lay down ink, except 3D printers can also deposit flat layers on top of each other to build 3D objects.

see more about :http://www.livescience.com/49185-4d-printing-shape-shifting-structures.html